Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.ufgd.edu.br/jspui/handle/prefix/2691
metadata.dc.type: Tese
Title: Ações coletivas nos assentamentos rurais da reforma agrária do Centro-Oeste brasileiro
metadata.dc.creator: Nogueira, Maria Aparecida Farias de Souza
metadata.dc.contributor.advisor1: Vilpoux, Olivier Francois
metadata.dc.contributor.advisor-co1: Binotto, Erlaine
metadata.dc.contributor.referee1: Pereira, Márcio de Araújo
metadata.dc.contributor.referee2: Campeão, Patricia
metadata.dc.contributor.referee3: Gimenes, Régio Marcio Toesca
metadata.dc.contributor.referee4: Moura-Leite, Rosamaria Cox
metadata.dc.description.resumo: A criação de associações e cooperativas vem sendo destacada como uma via importante de produção, organização, agregação de valor e de comercialização para a agricultura familiar se manter competitiva. Assim, esta pesquisa teve como objetivo geral identificar e analisar as formas de ações coletivas nos assentamentos rurais da reforma agrária do Centro-Oeste brasileiro, região com elevado índice de concentração de terras. Para atingir esse objetivo foi utilizada amostragem não probabilística e metodologia quali-quantitativa, com aplicação de questionários e entrevistas. Foram entrevistados 55 presidentes de organizações de 54 assentamentos da região Centro-Oeste e 1162 assentados dos três estados. Os dados foram analisados por meio do programa xlstat. Os resultados indicam que mais da metade dos assentados entrevistados afirmou que possuía algum vínculo com a organização coletiva do assentamento. Entre as instituições pesquisadas as organizações políticas são, em média, maiores que as organizações comerciais, o que é condizente com as expectativas e as características de grupos exclusivos e inclusivos. Na maior parte, elas são formalizadas juridicamente, como associações, cooperativas ou grupos e não têm por hábito realizarem investimentos, principalmente em bens privados. Os membros de organizações políticas investem principalmente em custos operacionais e bens comuns, com retorno mais rápido e apresentam maior dificuldade de exclusão de seus membros. Foram identificados alguns fatores que podem influenciar as ações coletivas, dando destaque para o tamanho dos grupos. A necessidade de benefícios foi também considerada importante, mesmo se os benefícios não são sempre claramente percebidos pelos associados. As características dos grupos também foram apontadas como um dos fatores contributivos para a existência de cooperação. Também foi analisada a existência de sanções para quem não participa das atividades do grupo, tendo sido encontrada que são raras e pouco aplicadas. Foi possível identificar fatores que podem influenciar a ação coletiva, com especificidades diferentes em função do tipo de organização, política ou comercial.
Abstract: The creation of associations and cooperatives has been highlighted as an important way of production, organization, value added and marketing for family agriculture to remain competitive. Thus, this research had as general objective to identify and analyze the forms of collective actions in the rural settlements of the agrarian reform of the Brazilian Center-West, region with high index of land concentration. To achieve this objective, non-probabilistic sampling and qualitative-quantitative methodology were used, with questionnaires and interviews. Fifty-five presidents of organizations from 54 settlements in the Midwest region and 1162 settlers from the three states were interviewed. Data were analyzed using the xlstat program. The results indicate that more than half of the respondents stated that they had some connection with the collective organization of the settlement. Among the institutions surveyed, political organizations are, on average, larger than commercial organizations, which is consistent with the expectations and characteristics of exclusive and inclusive groups. For the most part, they are formalized legally, as associations, cooperatives or groups and do not usually make investments, especially in private goods. Members of political organizations invest primarily in operational costs and common goods, with faster returns and greater difficulty in excluding their members. Some factors that may influence collective actions have been identified, highlighting the size of the groups. The need for benefits was also considered important, even if the benefits are not always clearly perceived by the members. The characteristics of the groups were also pointed out as one of the contributory factors for the existence of cooperation. It was also analyzed the existence of sanctions for those who do not participate in the activities of the group, having been found to be rare and little applied. It was possible to identify factors that can influence collective action, with different specificities according to the type of organization, political or commercial. The creation of associations and cooperatives has been highlighted as an important way of production, organization, value added and marketing for family agriculture to remain competitive. Thus, this research had as general objective to identify and analyze the forms of collective actions in the rural settlements of the agrarian reform of the Brazilian Center-West, region with high index of land concentration. To achieve this objective, non-probabilistic sampling and qualitative-quantitative methodology were used, with questionnaires and interviews. Fifty-five presidents of organizations from 54 settlements in the Midwest region and 1162 settlers from the three states were interviewed. Data were analyzed using the xlstat program. The results indicate that more than half of the respondents stated that they had some connection with the collective organization of the settlement. Among the institutions surveyed, political organizations are, on average, larger than commercial organizations, which is consistent with the expectations and characteristics of exclusive and inclusive groups. For the most part, they are formalized legally, as associations, cooperatives or groups and do not usually make investments, especially in private goods. Members of political organizations invest primarily in operational costs and common goods, with faster returns and greater difficulty in excluding their members. Some factors that may influence collective actions have been identified, highlighting the size of the groups. The need for benefits was also considered important, even if the benefits are not always clearly perceived by the members. The characteristics of the groups were also pointed out as one of the contributory factors for the existence of cooperation. It was also analyzed the existence of sanctions for those who do not participate in the activities of the group, having been found to be rare and little applied. It was possible to identify factors that can influence collective action, with different specificities according to the type of organization, political or commercial.
Keywords: Agricultura familiar
Family farming
Cooperativas
Cooperatives
Competitividade
Competitiveness
metadata.dc.subject.cnpq: CNPQ::OUTROS::ADMINISTRACAO RURAL
metadata.dc.language: por
metadata.dc.publisher.country: Brasil
Publisher: Universidade Católica Dom Bosco
metadata.dc.publisher.initials: UCDB
metadata.dc.publisher.program: Programa de pós-graduação em Ciências Ambientais e Sustentabilidade Agropecuária
Citation: NOGUEIRA, Maria Aparecida Farias de Souza. Ações coletivas nos assentamentos rurais da reforma agrária do Centro-Oeste brasileiro. 2017. Tese (Doutorado em Ciências Ambientais e Sustentabilidade Agropecuária) – Universidade Católica de Dom Bosco, Campo Grande, MS, 2017.
metadata.dc.rights: Acesso Aberto
URI: http://repositorio.ufgd.edu.br/jspui/handle/prefix/2691
Issue Date: 31-Mar-2017
Appears in Collections:Teses

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